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activities agencies agents Agricultural animal health assessments Biological bioterrorism preparedness Bronx Zoo head calls capacity cause CDC Division CDC's Center chief communication concerns Connecticut considered contacts Date dead birds deaths Department of Environmental Department of Health determine develop diagnosis Director Division of Vector-Borne effective efforts emerging Environmental Conservation example federal finding flavivirus Flushing Hospital health agencies health department health officials horses Human Outbreak identify important improving increased indicated initial Institute investigation involved isolates lessons Louis encephalitis Medical mosquito National Veterinary Services natural Nile Virus Outbreak NYS Department occurred origin patients performed possible potential Prevention public health Queens received requests researcher response samples sends specimens staff surveillance symptoms Terrorism testing United unusual USDA Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases Veterinary Services Laboratories viral viruses West Nile outbreak West Nile virus York City Zoo head pathologist
Page 63 - In keeping with the message of this report, five key focus areas have been identified which provide the foundation for local, state, and federal planning efforts: Preparedness and Prevention, Detection and Surveillance, Diagnosis and Characterization of Biological and Chemical Agents, Response, and Communication. These areas capture the goals of CDC's Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Program for general bioterrorism preparedness.
Page 63 - In 1998, CDC issued Preventing Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Strategy for the 21st Century, which describes CDC's plan for combating today's emerging diseases and preventing those of tomorrow. It focuses on four goals, each of which has direct relevance to preparedness for bioterrorism: disease surveillance and outbreak response; applied research to develop diagnostic tests, drugs, vaccines, and surveillance tools; infrastructure and training; and disease prevention and control. This plan...
Page 9 - Emerging infectious diseases are diseases of infectious origin whose incidence in humans has increased within the past two decades or threatens to increase in the near future.
Page 59 - TS (2000). Pathology of fatal West Nile virus infections in native and exotic birds during the 1999 outbreak in New York City, New York.
Page 22 - CDC's laboratory was not linked to the New York State network, the New York State Department of Health had to act as an intermediary in sharing CDC's laboratory test results with local health departments. CDC and the New York State Department of Health laboratory databases were not linked to the database in New York City, and laboratory results consequently had to be manually entered there. These problems slowed the investigation of the outbreak. Moreover, we have testified that there is also a notable...
Page 30 - York laboratories. Officials indicated that the CDC laboratory would have been unable to respond to another outbreak, had one occurred at the same time.
Page 15 - November 30; and In Delaware, Maryland, the District of Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma the open season shall be from November 1 to December 31.
Page 19 - The role of pathology in an investigation of an outbreak of West Nile encephalitis in New York, 1999.
Page 4 - ... transmission. However, past experiences with infectious disease response have revealed a lack of sufficient and secure channels for sharing information. Our report last year on the initial West Nile virus outbreak in New York City found that as the public health investigation grew, lines of communication were often unclear, and efforts to keep everyone informed were awkward, such as conference calls that lasted for hours and involved dozens of people.