Health and Development

Front Cover
International Monetary Fund, 2004 M11 23 - 48 pages
The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. This compilation of articles published over the past five years in the pages of F&D looks at the important links between health and economic progress. Articles range over a variety of topics, from the Millennium Development Goals and their health-related targets for 2015 to the economics of tobacco control. Several articles examine the impact of AIDS and the global reaction, while others look at debt and the intellectual property aspects of health care.
 

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Contents

A chartbased description of the worlds health trends
8
New evidence and a wider perspective suggest sizable economic returns to better health
10
The new focus on performancebased funding of health services in developing countries
16
Biology and Economics Meet Ways to stop or slow the spread of drugresistant strains of malaria
20
Has the intellectual property pact opened a Pandoras box for pharmaceuticals?
22
Debt Relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
26
Why the poor need more control over health care and other essential services
31
Developing countries must face the realities of the epidemic
36
The strain on limited resources
39
Public policy is an effective weapon
43
AIDS is a development problem that must be addressed globally
48
The Economics of Tobacco Control Tobacco control can have big health benefits without harming the economy
53
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