Health and Development
International Monetary Fund, 2004 M11 23 - 48 pages
The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. This compilation of articles published over the past five years in the pages of F&D looks at the important links between health and economic progress. Articles range over a variety of topics, from the Millennium Development Goals and their health-related targets for 2015 to the economics of tobacco control. Several articles examine the impact of AIDS and the global reaction, while others look at debt and the intellectual property aspects of health care.
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A chartbased description of the worlds health trends
New evidence and a wider perspective suggest sizable economic returns to better health
The new focus on performancebased funding of health services in developing countries
Biology and Economics Meet Ways to stop or slow the spread of drugresistant strains of malaria
Has the intellectual property pact opened a Pandoras box for pharmaceuticals?
Debt Relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
Why the poor need more control over health care and other essential services
Developing countries must face the realities of the epidemic
The strain on limited resources
Public policy is an effective weapon
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AIDS epidemic AIDS patient antimalarials artemisinins average beneﬁt budget central government Chart chloroquine clients contracts cost coun country’s coverage deaths debt relief decision point developing countries Development Goals diseases donor drugs economic growth effective estimates expectancy F&D March ﬁnd ﬁrms ﬁrst full income funds GAVI GDP per capita Health & Development health services HIPCs HIV infection HIV/AIDS immunization impact of AIDS incentives increase India industrial countries inﬂuence intellectual property investment low-income countries malaria Malawi MDGs ment Millennium Development Goals million monitor mortality rates NGOs opportunistic illnesses partners patent protection percent performance performance-based ﬁnancing pharmaceutical policymakers poor poorest countries population poverty reduction programs poverty reduction strategies primary education PRSPs public health public spending reached the decision reduce Reprinted from F&D service delivery sexually transmitted diseases subsidies Tanzania treatment TRIPS agreement tuberculosis Uganda vaccines World Bank World Development World Health Organization