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transportation to be refunded or paid by the Bureau to which such property or stores pertain. (July 5, 1884, 23 Stat. 111; 10 U. S. C., sec. 73.)


632. Government employees as reserve officers; leaves of absence when ordered to duty. That all officers and employees of the United States or of the District of Columbia who shall be members of the Officers' Reserve Corps shall be entitled to leave of absence from their respective duties, without loss of pay, time, or efficiency rating, on all days during which they shall be ordered to duty with troops or at field exercises, or for instruction, for periods not to exceed fifteen days in any one calendar year and when relieved from duty, be restored to the positions held by them when ordered to duty. (May 12, 1917, 40 Stat. 72; 10 U. S. C., sec. 371.)


632a. Unserviceable ammunition; exchange.-That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized to exchange deteriorated and unserviceable ammunition and components thereof for ammunition or components thereof in condition for immediate use. (June 1, 1926, sec. 1, 44 Stat. 680; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1209.)

632b. Same; reclamation.-The Secretary of War is further authorized, by contract or otherwise, to reclaim, by reworking, reconditioning, or otherwise converting into usable form, either in complete rounds or in serviceable components, such deteriorated and unserviceable ammunition and components thereof as it may not be advisable to have so exchanged, and to pay either the whole or part of the cost thereof through the exchange of deteriorated and unserviceable components not desired to retain. (June 1, 1926, 44 Stat. 680; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1210.)

632c. Transfer of deteriorated explosives to Secretary of Agriculture.In the administration of sections 1 and 2 of this Act [10 U. S. C., secs. 1209, 1210], as amended, the Secretary of War is authorized and directed to transfer the powder and other explosive materials from such deteriorated and unserviceable ammunition and components thereof to the Secretary of Agriculture, for distribution and sale in such amounts and at such times as the latter may determine, to farmers at not less than cost, under such regulations as he may prescribe, for use in land clearing, drainage, road building, and other agricultural purposes, by the Secretary of Agriculture. No expense in connection with such distribution and sale shall be borne by the War Department, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall reimburse the Secretary of War for the powder and explosive materials transferred under this section in amounts equal to the credits the Secretary of War would have received in an exchange under sections 1 and 2 of this Act [10 U. S. C., secs. 1209, 1210]. Amounts so reimbursed are authorized to be made available for the expenditure by the War Department for ammunition or components thereof. The President is authorized to suspend the provisions of this section in case of national emergency. (June 1, 1926, sec. 3, Mar. 3, 1933, 47 Stat. 1487; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1210a.)


633. Transfer of surplus War Department ammunition to other departments.—That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized to turn over on request from other executive departments of the Government, in his discretion, from time to time, without charge therefor, such ammunition, explosives, and other ammunition components as may prove to be or shall become surplus or unsuitable for the purposes of the War Department and as shall be suitable for use in the proper activities of other executive departments. (July 11, 1919, sec. 2, 41 Stat. 130; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1251.)

634. Sale of subsistence supplies by War Department to other executive departments or employees thereof; payment in cash; prices.-That hereafter when under the Arm Regulations subsistence supplies are furnished to another bureau of the War Department, or to another executive department of the Government or employees thereof, payment therefor shall be made in cash by the proper disbursing officer of the bureau, office, or department concerned, or by the employee to whom the sale is made. When the transaction is between two bureaus of the War Department, the price to be charged shall be the contract or invoice price of the supplies. When the transaction is between the Quartermaster Corps and another executive department of the Government or employees thereof, the price to be charged shall include the contract or invoice price and ten per centum additional to cover wastage in transit, and the cost of transportation. (Mar. 3, 1911, 36 Stat. 1047; Aug. 24, 1912, sec. 3, 37 Stat. 591; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1253.)

635. Real property required for Army storage.-That the President is hereby authorized, through the head of any executive department, upon terms and conditions considered advisable by him or such head of department, to sell or lease real property or any interest therein or appurtenant thereto acquired by the United States of America since April 6, 1917, for storage purposes for the use of the Army, which in the judgment of the President, or the head of such department is no longer needed for use by the United States of America, and to execute and deliver in the name of the United States and in its behalf any and all contracts, conveyances, or other instruments necessary to effectuate any such sale or lease.

That all moneys received by the United States as the proceeds of any such sale or lease shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of "Miscellaneous receipts" and a full report of the same shall be submitted annually to Congress. (July 11, 1919, sec. 2, 41 Stat. 129; 10 U. S. C., secs. 1263, 1264.)

636. Transfer of motor vehicles to branches of Government service; payment for from appropriations.-The Secretary of War is authorized to transfer any unused and surplus motor-propelled vehicles and motor equipment of any kind, the payment for same to be made as provided herein, to any branch of the Government service having appropriations available for the purchase of said vehicles and equipment: Provided, That in case of the transfers herein authorized a reasonable price not to exceed actual cost, and if the same have been used, at a reasonable price based upon length of usage,

shall be determined upon and an equivalent amount of each appropriation available for said purchase shall be covered into the Treasury as a miscellaneous_receipt, and the appropriation in each case reduced accordingly: Provided further, That it shall be the duty of each official of the Government having such purchases in charge to procure the same from any such unused or surplus stock if possible: Provided further, That hereafter no transfer of motor-propelled vehicles and motor equipment, unless specifically authorized by law, shall be made free of charge to any branch of the Government service. (July 19, 1919, sec. 5, 41 Stat. 233; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1267.)


637. Collecting forwarding charges on Government radiograms or telegrams. That hereafter the Signal Corps, in its operation of military telegraph lines, cables, or radio stations, is authorized, in the discretion of the Secretary of War, to collect forwarding charges due connecting commercial telegraph or radio companies for the transmission of Government radiograms or telegrams over their lines, and to this end, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War, it can present vouchers to disbursing officers for payment or file claims with the General Accounting Office for the amount of such forwarding charges. (May 12, 1917, 40 Stat. 43; June 10, 1921, 42 Stat. 23; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1319.)



638. Transportation without charge by certain land-grant railroads.That no money shall hereafter be paid to any railroad company for the transportation of any property or troops of the United States over any railroad which in whole or in part was constructed by the aid of a grant of public land on the condition that such railroad should be a public highway for the use of the Government of the United States free from toll or other charge, or upon any other conditions for the use of such road, for such transportation; nor shall any allowance be made for the transportation of officers of the Army over any such road when on duty and under orders as military officers of the United States. But nothing herein contained shall be construed as preventing any such railroad from bringing a suit in the Court of Claims for the charges for such transportation, and recovering for the same if found entitled thereto by virtue of the laws in force prior to the passage of this act; provided that the claim for such charges shall not have been barred by the statute of limitations at the time of bringing the suit, and either party shall have the right of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States; And provided further, That the foregoing provision shall not apply for the current fiscal year, nor thereafter, to roads where the sole condition of transportation is that the company shall not charge the Government higher rates than they do individuals for like transportation, and when the Quartermaster General shall be satisfied that this condition has been faithfully complied with. (Mar. 3, 1875, sec. 1, 18 Stat. 453; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1376.)



639. Cotton statistics to be furnished by Director of Census to Department. The Director of the Census shall furnish to the Department of Agriculture, immediately prior to the publication of each report of that bureau regarding the cotton crop, the latest available statistics hereinbefore mentioned, and the said Department of Agriculture shall publish the same in connection with each of its reports concerning cotton. (Apr. 2, 1924, sec. 2, 43 Stat. 31; 13 U. S. C., sec. 72.) 640. Contents of reports; separate item of number of bales of linter.That hereafter in collecting and publishing statistics of cotton on hand in warehouses and other storage establishments, and of cotton known as the " carry over in the United States, the Director of the Census is hereby directed to ascertain and publish as a separate item in the report of cotton statistics the number of bales of linters as distinguished from the number of bales of cotton. (June 27, 1930, 46 Stat. 821; 13 U. S. C., sec 72a.)

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641. Foreign cotton statistics.-That in addition to the information regarding cotton in the United States hereinbefore provided for, the Director of the Census shall compile, by correspondence or the use of published reports and documents, any available information concerning the production, consumption, and stocks of cotton in foreign countries, and the number of cotton-consuming spindles in such countries. Each report published by the Bureau of the Census regarding cotton shall contain an abstract of the latest available information obtained under the provisions of this section, and the Director of the Census shall furnish the same to the Department of Agriculture for publication in connection with the reports of that department concerning cotton in the same manner as in the case of statistics relating to the United States. (Apr. 2, 1924, sec. 5, 43 Stat. 32; 13 U. S. C., sec. 75.)

642. Cotton reports; time of issue.-That the reports of cotton ginned to the dates as of which the Department of Agriculture is also required to issue cotton crop reports shall be issued simultaneously with the cotton crop reports of that department, the two reports to be issued from the same place at eleven o'clock antemeridian on the eighth day following that on which the respective reports relate. When such date of release falls on Sunday or a legal holiday the reports shall be issued at eleven o'clock antemeridian on the next succeeding workday. (Apr. 2, 1924, sec. 6, 43 Stat. 32; 13 U. S. C., sec. 76.)


643. Authorization of decennial censuses; scope of inquiries; territory included. That a census of population, agriculture, irrigation, drainage, distribution, unemployment, and mines shall be taken by the Director of the Census in the year 1930 and every ten years thereafter. The census herein provided for shall include each State, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. A census of Guam, Samoa, and the Virgin Islands shall be taken in the same year by the respective governors of said islands and a census of the Panama Canal Zone by the Governor of the Canal Zone, all in

accordance with plans prescribed or approved by the Director of the Census. (June 18, 1929, sec. 1, 46 Stat. 21; 13 U. S. C., sec. 201.) 644. Inquiries in schedules, number, form, and subdivision.-That the fifteenth and subsequent censuses shall be restricted to inquiries relating to population, to agriculture, to irrigation, to drainage, to distribution, to unemployment, and to mines. The number, form, and subdivision of the inquiries in the schedules used to take the census shall be determined by the Director of the Census, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce. (June 18, 1929, sec. 4, 46 Stat. 22; 13 U. S. C., sec. 204.)

645. Inquiries as to population and agriculture.-That the census of the population and of agriculture required by section 1 of this Act [13 U. S. C., sec. 201] shall be taken as of the 1st day of April, and it shall be the duty of each enumerator to commence the enumeration of his district on the day following unless the Director of the Census in his discretion shall change the date of commencement of the enumeration in said district by reason of climatic or other conditions which would materially interfere with the proper conduct of the work; but in any event it shall be the duty of each enumerator to prepare the returns hereinbefore required to be made and to forward the same to the supervisor of his district within thirty days from the commencement of the enumeration of his district. (June 18, 1929, sec. 6, 46 Stat. 23; U. S. C., sec. 206.)

646. Information pertinent to census work; authority of Secretary of Commerce to call on other departments and officers.-That the Secretary of Commerce, whenever he may deem it advisable, on request of the Director of the Census, is hereby authorized to call upon any other department or office of the Government for information pertinent to the work herein provided for. (June 18, 1929, sec. 15, 46 Stat. 25; 13 U. S. C., sec. 215.)

647. Census of agriculture and livestock.-That there shall be in the year 1935, and once every ten years thereafter, a census of agriculture and livestock, which shall show the acreage of farm land, the acreage of the principal crops, and the number and value of domestic animals on the farms and ranges of the country. The schedule employed in this census shall be prepared by the Director of the Census. Such census shall be taken as of the 1st day of January and shall relate to the crop year. The Director of the Census may appoint enumerators or special agents for the purpose of this census in accordance with the provisions of the permanent census Act. (June 18, 1929, sec. 16, 46 Stat. 25; 13 U. S. C., sec. 216.)



648. Unfair methods of competition unlawful; prevention by commission. That unfair methods of competition in commerce are hereby declared unlawful.

Power to prohibit. The commission is hereby empowered and directed to prevent persons, partnerships, or corporations, except banks, and common carriers subject to the Acts to regulate commerce, from using unfair methods of competition in commerce.

Procedure. Whenever the commission shall have reason to believe that any such person, partnership, or corporation has been or is

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