Expanding Housing Choices for HUD-assisted Families: First Biennial Report to Congress : Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration

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U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, 1996 - 31 pages
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Page 1 - ... opportunities by: (1) Seeking participation of owners in any areas in which the PHA has determined that it is not legally barred from entering into Contracts....* The authorizing legislation for Moving To Opportunity, in 42 USC Sec.
Page 23 - ... demonstration was issued by the Office of Public and Indian Housing on August 16, 1993 and closed on November 15, 1993. Twenty-one cities were eligible to apply: Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Fort Worth, Houston, Kansas City, MO, Long Beach, CA, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, New York, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Seattle, and Washington, DC. Sixteen applications were submitted jointly by PHAs and non-profits: 1. Baltimore/Community Assistance...
Page 4 - ... comparison group. .These estimates cannot definitively separate effects of the mobility program with pre-existing differences between those who joined the program and those who do not. Only by randomly assigning families from a common pool of applicants to different types of housing assistance is it possible to be confident that systematic differences are attributable to mobility counseling and housing assistance. Despite these limitations, the encouraging evidence from the Gautreaux demonstration...
Page 1 - Rosenbaum, 1993; 1994) led to the political and legislative endorsement of a new 'demonstration' aimed at assisting families living in poverty to move to better neighbourhoods. In 1992, the Clinton Administration stated a commitment ' ... to ensuring that people are not trapped and isolated in predominantly poor neighborhoods for lack of options' and authorized a number of small scale demonstration programmes to address the twin goals of inner city neighbourhood redevelopment and opportunities for...
Page 3 - ... violence and to have the freedom to let children play outside. We have mixed evidence on how moving to a better neighborhood may affect children's educational achievement. Gautreaux research found dramatic benefits for children whose families moved to suburban neighborhoods. They were substantially more likely to complete high school, take college-track courses, attend college and enter the work force than children from similar families who moved to neighborhoods within Chicago. So far, the MTO...
Page 18 - Shelter, a non-profit agency which provides housing and supportive services to homeless and at-risk families, is responsible for providing comprehensive social services to help families stabilize in the new communities after they move. Services provided by Beyond Shelter include: budgeting education, family counseling, crisis intervention, liaison with schools, provision of furnishings and household items, and referrals to child care and job training. In short, FHC helps MTO families move, while...
Page 3 - Rosenbaum's results do not provide definitive evidence that mobility counseling makes sense for all eligible families, or that moving out of a distressed neighborhood consistently results in improved employment and education outcomes. For example, interest in the Gautreaux program among eligible families is difficult to disentangle from more general interest in Section 8 assistance, because Gautreaux offers families a short-cut around the Chicago Public Housing Authority's years-long Section 8 waiting...

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