Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2013 M05 13 - 312 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... wanted a global ban from the outset , says Stephen Goose of Human Rights Watch . Muller and others wanted the focus kept on antipersonnel landmines , but Medico had a more radical approach : “ It called for the abolition of war , so it ...
... wanted a global ban on antipersonnel landmines . Tim Rieser “ was immediately sympathetic , ” says Muller , “ but there was a little prob- lem . He was not the staff director of Foreign Ops . The staff director was Eric Newsom , and ...
... wanted to do was help people who needed help , but couldn't get it . At first , he didn't seem too taken by this sort of incrementalist legislation . ” 27 On July 29 , 1992 , Leahy introduced the Landmine Moratorium Act , call- ing on ...
... wanted more than a review conference. They wanted a ban. To get one, they would have to do more than engage in information politics, quietly lobbying negotiators in the execu- tive branch. Leahy would have to bring the NGOs into the ...
... wanted landmines. Believing this, and doubting the efficacy of regulating weapons that were as widely used and manufactured as landmines, the arms control community showed scant interest in limiting, never mind banning them. Were it ...
Chapter 4 Beyond Regulation to a Ban
Chapter 5 Canada Takes Charge
Chapter 6 Civilian Deference to Service Interests
Chapter 7 The President Fails to Push the Military
Chapter 8 The Ban Wagon Starts to Roll
Chapter 9 Think Globally Act Locally
Chapter 10 From Oslo Back to Ottawa
Chapter 11 Campaigners and Officials