Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2013 M05 13 - 312 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... Newsom of his staff , who accompanied him , picks up the story : “ Through an interpreter , Senator Leahy asked ... says Newsom , “ Leahy , who was clearly moved by what he had seen , said to me , I have to do something about this . I ...
... says Newsom . “ Senator Leahy , being who he was , was able to persuade them to think that over . " 13 The senator arranged to earmark money in the foreign aid bill for what became the “ Leahy War Victims Fund . ” Later the fund would ...
... says Muller , “ but there was a little prob- lem . He was not the staff director of Foreign Ops . The staff director was Eric Newsom ... said I appreciate every- thing you're doing with the war victims fund , but we have to do something more ...
... says Newsom . The NGOs favored banning all antipersonnel landmines , but Newsom was still skeptical : “ I said I don't think banning use by US forces is achievable any time soon , but there is an approach that may be feasible . ” He and ...
... says Newsom. “They agreed to work together.”30 It was more than a mutual admiration society. Leahy and the NGOs began collabo- rating closely on tactics and strategy. The next day, Williams, who was in the process of organizing the ...
Chapter 4 Beyond Regulation to a Ban
Chapter 5 Canada Takes Charge
Chapter 6 Civilian Deference to Service Interests
Chapter 7 The President Fails to Push the Military
Chapter 8 The Ban Wagon Starts to Roll
Chapter 9 Think Globally Act Locally
Chapter 10 From Oslo Back to Ottawa
Chapter 11 Campaigners and Officials