Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2013 M05 13 - 312 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... ICBL's success has been widely hailed as dramatic evidence of a revolution in world affairs: the rise of nonstate actors to supplant the nation state or chal- lenge its centrality. In awarding the 1997 Peace Prize to the ICBL, the Nobel ...
... ICBL was global in scope. It also achieved its aim of an international treaty over the determined opposition of the United States and other world powers, among them, China, Russia, and India. For an NGO to accomplish such a feat does ...
... ICBL was a network , Leahy and Rieser would become its nexus . A key node in that network was VVAF's executive director Robert “ Bobby ” Muller . “ We felt we needed a champion and the only person we could think of was Leahy , ” says ...
... ICBL, “wish they could claim 'strategic brilliance' in pressing for an export moratorium and that they immediately recognized the global impact such legislation would have. But that was not exactly the case. NGOs did support the ...
... ICBL's co-founders] be closely involved and that they are also an important source of information, data, and field studies.”50 If it were left up to the diplomats, the review conference would turn into arms control as usual. Assuring ...
Chapter 4 Beyond Regulation to a Ban
Chapter 5 Canada Takes Charge
Chapter 6 Civilian Deference to Service Interests
Chapter 7 The President Fails to Push the Military
Chapter 8 The Ban Wagon Starts to Roll
Chapter 9 Think Globally Act Locally
Chapter 10 From Oslo Back to Ottawa
Chapter 11 Campaigners and Officials