Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2013 M05 13 - 312 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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The Landmines Ban in American Politics Leon V. Sigal. Preface. The idea of studying the campaign to ban antipersonnel landmines was not my own. Tom Graham and Susan Sechler of the Rockefeller Foundation were interested in how a handful of ...
The Landmines Ban in American Politics Leon V. Sigal. 1 An Irresistible Force Meets an Immovable Object The scope of a conflict determines its outcome . E.E. Schattschneider1 The International Campaign to Ban Landmines was born on ...
... ban . The ban was the brainchild of Bobby Muller , who was inspired by a trip to Cambodia in 1991 with fellow ... campaign for a ban in the course of a November 1991 meeting with Thomas Gebauer of Medico International , who had been ...
... ban campaign as a costly distraction from its main mission and refused to join.5 At the October meeting, the six NGOs agreed to draft a joint call for a global ban on antipersonnel landmines. Constituting themselves as the steer- ing ...
... ban campaign was much less spontaneous and had no mass following. It was a virtual mass movement with relatively few rank-and- file members and even fewer contributors.12 Nor was it an ordinary pressure group organized to lobby within ...
Chapter 4 Beyond Regulation to a Ban
Chapter 5 Canada Takes Charge
Chapter 6 Civilian Deference to Service Interests
Chapter 7 The President Fails to Push the Military
Chapter 8 The Ban Wagon Starts to Roll
Chapter 9 Think Globally Act Locally
Chapter 10 From Oslo Back to Ottawa
Chapter 11 Campaigners and Officials