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special talents to the American "melting-pot." This tradition

is at the core of today's hearing on the President's proposed

refugee admissions level for Fiscal Year 1991.

The President's proposal for 131,000 worldwide refugee admissions in fiscal Year 1991 includes the following regional

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In addition to the total funded admissions level of 121,000,

we propose to continue the successful Private Sector Initiative

program with an authorized ceiling of 10,000, available for

refugees from any region of the world.

Thus, the worldwide

otal of the President's proposal is 131,000.

Mr. Chairman, a detailed justification of each of the

admissions levels has been provided in the document entitled

Proposed Admissions for FY_1991, as submitted for the record.

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Ambassador Lafontant Mankarious has included in her prepared

statement a regional description of the admissions programs we

envision.

I would like to review for you how we intend to fund

these admissions levels.

As I have noted, the President's proposal for a worldwide admissions level of 131,000 refugees includes 10,000 admissions

from any region of the world to be sponsored privately under the ongoing Private Sector Initiative (PSI) program.

PSI refugees require no federal funding and are only admitted if the

requisite private sector funding is provided.

The question,

therefore, with the budget process not quite completed, is how

we will fund all the numbers in the remaining 121,000 ceiling.

The President's proposal for 121,000 funded refugee

admissions reflects the fine-tuning of the refugee admissions

program that the consultations process provides; each of the

regional admissions totals has been revised since earlier

estimates were included in our Fiscal Year 91 budget

presentation.

As a result of this process, the total of 121,000

funded admissions represents a net increase of 11,000 above the

budget request level, most of which falls within the ceiling

for the Soviet Union.

In Fiscal Year 1990, up to 8,000 Soviet

refugees were resettled through private funding by the Jewish

community.

We fully appreciate the magnitude of that effort,

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and recognize that it cannot easily be repeated in Fiscal Year

1991.

We have therefore raised the funded level of Soviet

refugees in Fiscal Year 1991 to 50,000.

The 121,000 figure is of course a ceiling, not a quota.

Nevertheless, we believe that through cost-saving measures and

new approaches to financing transportation costs, funding appropriated at the President's original budget request level

can finance the projected 121,000 admissions. Let me be

clear:

Our ability to make use of these additional numbers

will be dependent on (i) the appropriation of funds at the

President's requested level for Fiscal Year 1991,

(ii) successful participation of refugees and their sponsors in

financing a portion of transportation to the United States, and

(iii) our ability to implement other cost-saving measures.

Subject to these constraints, we are fully committed to

covering the full 121,000 admissions within the authorized

ceiling.

In closing, I would like to thank you for the opportunity

to provide this update on some of our ongoing ref

gee policy

concerns, and our plans for refugee admissions in the coming

year.

Your Committee's continued support of our refugee

programs worldwide is integral to our success.

Thank you.

STATEMENT OF JAMES H. HALL Mr. Hall. Thank you, Secretary. Thank you, Mr. Chairman, members of the committee. I am pleased to have this opportunity to appear before the Judiciary Committee to testify on the President's proposed refugee admissions program for fiscal year 1991.

Ambassador-at-Large Lafontant-Mankarious, U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs, regrets very much that she cannot be here today. She is fulfilling a longstanding commitment to lead the United States delegation at the meeting of the Executive Committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva this week. We have submitted Ambassador LafontantMankarious' statement for the record.

Thank you.

Senator SIMON (presiding). Thank you. It will be entered in the record.

[The prepared statement of Ambassador Lafontant-Mankarious follows:

TESTIMONY OF

JEWEL LAFONTANT-MANKARIOUS

AMBASSADOR-AT-LARGE

AND

U.S. COORDINATOR FOR REFUGEE AFFAIRS

SUBMITTED TO THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE

OCTOBER 3, 1990

EMBARGOED BEFORE OCTOBER 3. 1990. 10:00 AM.

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