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THE PREMISE THAT DIRECT FLIGHTS WOULD BE IMPLEMENTED, WE HAVE A
VESTED INTEREST AND OBLIGATION TO SEE THEM BEGIN.
LAST YEAR, WE WERE TOLD AT THE CONSULTATION HEARING THAT
CLOSING THE ROME-VIENNA PIPELINE AND MOVING THE REFUGEE
ADJUDICATION CENTER TO MOSCOW WOULD SAVE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS.
AM INTERESTED ON THE SAVINGS FIGURES THAT HAVE COME IN SO FAR. REALIZE IT STILL MAY BE EARLY FOR COMPLETE PROJECTIONS.
LAST FALL I ASKED IF ANY OF THE SAVINGS IN INTERNATIONAL
PROCESSING COULD BE RECHANNELED INTO THE MUCH-NEEDED DOMESTIC
RESETTLEMENT BUDGET. I REQUESTED GAO TO CONDUCT A REPORT ON THIS
THE GAO REPORT FEATURED MANY CHARTS BUT LEFT MY BASIC
IT IS IMPORTANT TO DETERMINE WHETHER WE CAN IMPLEMENT ANY
COST-SAVING MEASURES, CREATIVE PROGRAMMING, OR PRIVATE
(Whereupon, at 12:02 p.m., the committee was adjourned.]
Wednesday, October 17, 7700
Presidential Determination No. 0143 of October 12, 1990
Momorandun for the United States Coordinator for Reluges Affairs
a. The admission of up to 131,000 refugees to the United States during FY 1991 is justified by humanitarian concerns or is otherwise in the national Interest provided, however, that this namber shall be understood as including persons admitted to the United States during FY 1991 with Federal refugee resettlement assistance under the Amerasian admissions program, as provided in paragraph (b) below.
Teo thousand of these admissions numbers shall be set aside for private reclor admissions initiatives, and may be used for any region. The admission of refugees using these numbers shall be contingent upon the availability of private sector funding rulficient to cover the reasonable costs of such admissions.
b. The 131.000 admissions shall be allocated among refugees of special hur.anitarian concern to the United States as described in the documentation presented to the Congress during the consultations that preceded this determination and in accordance with the following regional allocations: provided. bowever, that the number allocated to the East Asia region shall include the number of persons admitted to the United States during FY 1991 with Federal refugee resetlement assistance under section 584 of the Foreign Operations. Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1988, as contained in section 101(e) of Public Low 100-202 (Amerasians and their family memben):
Uulization of the 121,000 federally funded admissions numbers shall be limited by such public and private hunds as shall be available to the Depart. ment of Stale and the Department of Health and Human Services for refugee and Amerasian admissions in FY 1991. You are hereby authorized and direcied to so advise the judiciary committees of the Cor.gress.
Unused admissions numbers allocated to a particular region within the 121.000 federally funded celling may be transferred to one or more other regions if there is an overriding need for greater qumbers for the region or regions to which the numbers are being transferred. You are hereby authorized and directed to consult with the judiciary committees of the Congress prior to any such rcallocation.
41880 Foderal Register / Vol. 55. No. 201 / Wednesday, October 17, 1990 / Presidential Documents
The 10.000 privately funded admissions not designated for any country or region may be used for refugees of special humanitarian concern to the United States in any region of the world at any time during the fiscal year. You are hereby authorized and directed to notify the judiciary committees of the Congress in advance of the intended use of these numbers.
An additional 5.000 refugee admissions numbens shall be made available during FY 1991 for the adjustment to permanent resident status under section 209(b) of the Act (8 U.S.C 1159[b]) of allens who have been granted asylum in the United States under section 208 of the Act (8 U.S.C. 1158), as this is justified by humanitarian concerns or is otherwise in the national interest. In accordance with section 101(a)(42) of the Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(c)(42)). I also specify, after appropriate consultation with the Congress, that the following persons may. If otherwise qualified, be considered refugees for the purpose of admission to the United States while still within their countries of nationality or habitual residence:
a. Persons in Vietnam and Laos who have past or present ties to the United States or who have been or currently are in reeducation camps in Vietnam or seminar camps In Laos, and their accompanying family members.
b. Present and former political prisoners, persons in imminent danger of loss of life, and other persons of compelling concern to the United States in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, and their accompanying family members.
c. Persons in Cuba who are (1) in immediate danger of loss of life and for whom there appears to be no alternative to resettlement in the United States. or (2) are of compelling concem to the United States, such as former or present political prisonen, dissidents, or human rights and religious activists, or (3) were employed by the United States Government for at least 1 year prior to the claim for refugee status; and their accompanying family members.
d Persons in the Soviet Union and Romania.
DS Filed 10-15
6 120 pool Bithing code 3185 01
In accordance with Section 207 of The Refugee Act of 1980 (R.L. 96-212), members of the Committee on the Judiciary have now consulted with your representatives on the proposed refugee admissions for fiscal year 1991.
As we have in previous years, we continue to support the objectives of your program to assist refugees of "special humanitarian concern" to the United States. But once again we remain troubled over the inadequacy of funding arrangements required to support this program.
There has been a serious erosion in federal support for state and local resettlement programs, and we have increasingly relied upon private sources, raising questions of federal responsibility, as well as the equitable treatment of all refugees of concern to the United States. This year we have been asked to approve 11,000 refugee admissions for which State Department funding remains totally uncertain. And refugee resettlement funding to the States by the Department of Heal!h and Human Services has plumnated from 36 months of assistance just 5 years ago to only 4 months in soue key programs. Further resettlement funding reductions appear likely in 1991, absent supplemental funding -- which your representatives assured us would not be sought by the Administration.
In addition, we want to repeat our concern of last year that stronger efforts must be made to maintain an appropriate balance between the resettlement of refugees in the United States and the provision of assistance to refugees in first asylum countries. As you know, in recent years the percentage of our contributions to refugee assistance abroad has declined as our refugee admissions have increased.
These issues suggest there is a need for better budgetary planning of anticipating the worst-case refugee scenarios rather than relying on more optimistic trends. We would urge the Administration to work with us and the other appropriate committees of Congress to provide earlier and more adequate budgetary authority and appropriations for refugee needs both here and abroad.
Although there are a number of other issues and concerns which members of the Committee raised during the consultations we had with your representatives, these will be outlined in separate letters to Secretary of State James A. Baker, III. But we want to commend you for our country's leadership regarding refugee assistance, and to indicate that we concur in your refugee admissions proposals for FY 1991.
Many thanks for your consideration, and best wishes.