The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
... DALYS for each cause ) , 2000 Annex Table 8 Distribution of attributable mortality and DALYs by risk factor , age and sex , 2000 218 220 223 Annex Table 9 Annex Table 10 Attributable mortality by risk factor , level of development and ...
... DALYS by risk factor , level of development and sex , 2000 Table 4.11 Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading selected risk factors 86 87 91 Table 5.1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage causes ...
... DALYS in 2000 and avoidable DALYS in 2010 and 2020 following a 25 % risk factor reduction from 2000 , for 10 leading selected risk factors Figure 5.1 Distributions of systolic blood pressure in middle - aged men in two populations 69 81 ...
... DALY ( disability - adjusted life year ) - one DALY being equal to the loss of one healthy life year ( 13 ) . A key initial question when assessing the impact of a risk to health is to ask " compared to what ? " This report employs an ...
... DALYS attributable to this disease . Two examples are shown : A risk factor with 60 % prevalence that increases risk threefold , so 55 % of a disease can be attributed to it . If the disease causes 2.5 million DALYS , this amounts to ...