The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
... in micronutrients , particularly iodine , iron , vitamin A and zinc . Another
important risk factor is lack of breastfeeding . The theoretical minimum exposure
and measured adverse outcomes for this group of risk factors are shown in Table
ZINC DEFICIENCY Zinc deficiency is largely related to inadequate intake or
absorption of zinc from the diet , although excess losses of zinc during diarrhoea
may also contribute . The distinction between intake and absorption is important ...
Thereafter , the zinc solution is administered by a carer at home daily to every
child until the child reaches five years of ... the assumption has been made that
zinc fortification is half as efficacious as zinc supplementation , consistent with
Both oral rehydration therapy and case management of pneumonia achieve
substantially greater benefits than zinc fortification and supplementation , despite
the zinc interventions being more costeffective . Both forms of treatment are still
It would include supplementation or fortification of vitamin A , iron and zinc in
combination with treatment for diarrhoea and pneumonia in children .
Disinfection at point of use would be combined with provision of improved
sanitation facilities ...