The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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It is important to note that not only are the affected workers at high risk , but also
that workplace risks are almost entirely preventable . For example , because
health care workers constitute only 0 . 6 % of the global population , hepatitis B in
Industrial and agricultural workers have the highest risks , but even workers in
offices , retail stores and schools are at risk ( 73 – 75 ) . Work - related falls , motor
vehicle injuries , and contact with machinery result in nearly a thousand ...
At the global level , the burden appears low , but the risk to workers in mining ,
construction and other occupations is high . For example , most workers with long
- term exposure to low - to - moderate silica concentrations will develop silicosis .
Some worked with female sex workers , and some also interacted with their
clients . Some involved providing VCT to serodiscordant couples , others to
pregnant women and yet others to people with other sexually transmitted
Training of health workers is included . Testing is assumed to be based on a
rapid test , to increase the proportion of individuals who receive their test results
compared with standard assays . The proportion of the population using VCT
where it ...