The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Table 4.4 Selected major risks to health : sexual and reproductive health Risk
factor Theoretical minimum exposure Measured adverse outcomes of exposure
Unsafe sex No unsafe sex HIV / AIDS , sexually transmitted infections , cervical ...
... inactivity Blood pressure Cholesterol Overweight Low fruit and vegetable
intake Physical inactivity Sexual and reproductive health risks Unsafe sex Lack of
contraception Addictive substances Tobacco Alcohol Illicit drugs Environmental
SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH UNSAFE SEX AND HIV / AIDS
Interventions Over the last two decades , international agencies , governmental
organizations and representatives of civil society have collaborated to develop a
The information presented in this section is designed to assist by providing
information on the effectiveness and costs of selected preventive and curative
interventions to reduce the health burden associated with unsafe sex . Although
... LARGE AND CERTAIN RISKS TO HEALTH Leading 10 selected risk factors as
percentage causes of disease burden measured in DALYS Developing countries
High mortality countries Underweight Unsafe sex Unsafe water , sanitation and ...