The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
4 Selected major risks to health : sexual and reproductive health Risk factor
Theoretical minimum exposure Measured adverse outcomes of exposure Unsafe
sex No unsafe sex HIV / AIDS , sexually transmitted infections , cervical cancer
UNSAFE WATER , SANITATION AND HYGIENE Adverse health outcomes are
associated with ingestion of unsafe water , lack of access to water ( linked to
inadequate hygiene ) , lack of access to sanitation , contact with unsafe water ,
UNSAFE HEALTH CARE PRACTICES As well as their substantial benefits ,
health care practices may be a source of disease and death . In developing
countries , nosocomial infections are increasingly recognized as a major problem
5 % Developing countries High mortality countries Underweight Unsafe sex
Unsafe water , sanitation and hygiene Indoor smoke from solid fuels Zinc
deficiency Iron deficiency Vitamin A deficiency Blood pressure Tobacco
Cholesterol 3 .
Housing 70 Hunger , alleviating 165 Hydrochlorothiazide 115 Hygiene , unsafe ,
see Unsafe water , sanitation and hygiene Hypercholesterolaemia , see
Cholesterol , high Hypertension , see High blood pressure dread and risk 32 – 33