The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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However , arguments are often clouded by the use of dichotomies – assertions of
uncertainty or certainty when , in fact , there are different degrees of uncertainty
and disagreement about tolerable thresholds . Similarly , it may be asserted that ...
ESTIMATES OF UNCERTAINTY Confidence intervals for the attributable burden
were estimated by a simulation procedure ( 37 ) incorporating sources of
uncertainty from domains of the exposure distribution and the exposure -
HALE uncertainty is a function of the uncertainty in age - specific mortality
measurement for each country , of the uncertainty in burden of disease based
estimates of country - level disability prevalence , and of uncertainty in the health
LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH ( YEARS ) PROBABILITY OF DYING ( PER 1000 )
Between ages 15 and 59 years Under age 5 years Females Males Females 2001
Males Uncertainty 71.3 - 71.9 2001 2001 2001 Uncertainty 76.4 - 77.0 2001 ...
Females Uncertainty 82.1 - 82.6 82.6 - 83.1 72.5 - 73.7 62.6 - 70.2 70.9 - 73.2
74.2 - 75.6 46.9 - 59.4 70.3 - 71.4 71.6 - 73.6 72.8 - 74.3 70.6 - 71.8 65.6 - 67.2
63.6 - 66.8 44.6 - 52.1 72.3 - 74.1 260 - 544 168 - 182 133 - 164 104 - 129 106 -