The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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However , arguments are often clouded by the use of dichotomies – assertions of
uncertainty or certainty when , in fact , there are different degrees of uncertainty
and disagreement about tolerable thresholds . Similarly , it may be asserted that ...
ESTIMATES OF UNCERTAINTY Confidence intervals for the attributable burden
were estimated by a simulation procedure ( 37 ) incorporating sources of
uncertainty from domains of the exposure distribution and the exposure -
It is hoped that careful scrutiny and use of the results will lead to progressively
better measurement of health attainment and health expenditure data in the
coming World Health Reports . All the main health results are reported with
24 The uncertainty ranges for healthy life expectancy given in Annex Table 4 are
based on the 2 . 5th percentile and 97 . 5th percentile of the relevant uncertainty
distributions . The ranges thus define 95 % uncertainty intervals around the ...
Males Females Males Females Uncertainty 71 . 3 - 71 . 9 Uncertainty 76 . 4 - 77 .
0 Males 2001 Uncertainty 31 - 35 Females 2001 Uncertainty 27 25 - 29
Uncertainty 174 - 185 Uncertainty 97 - 106 33 63 . 0 - 66 . 4 75 . 0 - 80 . 0 60 . 4 -