The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 6
1 Population impact fractions by subregion for counterfactual scenario of
population moving from living on < US $ 2 per day to > US $ 2 per ... 2 Time gains
from improved access to water and sanitation in subregions AFR - D and EMR -
D 128 ...
Of the 14 world subregions ( derived by dividing the six WHO regions into
mortality strata – see the List of Member ... In the EMR - B subregion , 9 % of
people live on less than $ 2 per day ( 2 % less than $ 1 per day ) , but the
estimates for this ...
consumption among the more impoverished . But in two subregions , AFR - E (
South Africa data only ) and AMR - B ( Panama data only ) , impoverished people
had approximately half the alcohol consumption of non - impoverished people .
7 Burden of disease attributable to selected environmental risk factors ( % DALYs
in each subregion ) A . Unsafe water ... 42 % of attributable DALYs occurring in
WPR - B and 19 % in SEAR - D . Within subregions , the highest proportions of ...
Each unit of additional health gains would cost of more than three times GDP per
capita in some subregions . The intervention which is consistently the most cost -
effective across regions and would be classified as very cost - effective in all ...