The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 7
Risks need to be defined and studied comprehensively irrespective of factors
such as their place in a causal chain or the methods used ( from the disciplines of
the physical , natural , health , and social sciences ) for their analysis .
Microlevel studies can also be very useful in explaining certain apparent
behaviours that do not appear to be rational to the " external ” public health
observer . For instance , although lay people may be well aware of risk factors for
Epidemiological studies have reported an association between injections and
infection with bloodborne pathogens , including hepatitis B virus ( HBV ) ,
hepatitis C virus ( HCV ) and human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ) ( 99 – 102 ) .
These estimates are based upon a mathematical model that was validated by
epidemiological studies in most regions in the case of HBV and HCV infection . In
the case of HIV infection , there is more uncertainty about the region - specific ...
... although data quality varied considerably between countries . After controlling
for differences between studies , the prevalence of non - contact , contact and
intercourse types of CSA in females was about 6 % , 11 % and 4 % , respectively