The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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... and social sciences ) for their analysis . The following sections outline some of
the different dimensions that should be considered . STANDARDIZED
COMPARISONS AND COMMON OUTCOME MEASURES Ideally , the impact of
each risk ...
The influence of gender has been well documented , with men tending to judge
risks as smaller and less problematic than do women . Explanations have
focused mainly on biological and social factors . For example , it has been
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL INTERPRETATIONS OF RISK While the cognitive
psychological approach has been very influential , it has also been criticized for
concentrating too much on individual perceptions and interpretations of risk .
Starr C . Social benefit versus technological risk . Science 1969 ; 165 : 1232 - 8 .
14 . Slovic P . Understanding perceived risk . Geneva : World Health
Organization ; 2001 . Unpublished background paper for The World Health
Report 2002 .
In the community , low social capital and high crime lev - els contribute . In society
generally , rapid social change , poverty and economic inequality , poor rule of
law and high corruption , sex inequalities , high firearm availability , and ...