The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
... interventions are likely to improve population health , both singly and in
combination . The analysis in this chapter is used to identify both actions that are
very cost - effective and those that do not seem to be cost - effective in different
Patients treated in these settings will face survivorship probabilities similar to
those in patients treated in industrialized countries , conditional on adherence .
Where only first - line drugs are available , we assume that the 30 % of patients
Moreover , there will be benefits in different settings in terms of other health
outcomes such as trachoma , schistosomiasis , and infectious hepatitis . The
results for water and sanitation need to be interpreted in this light . The burden of
... risks to health have been discussed . Some that have not been considered are
likely to also be cost - effective in different settings and will be included in The
World Health Report 2003 , but already a number of important messages emerge
observed artiretroviral therapy combined with testing for resistance does not
seem to be cost - effective in all settings , there might well be other reasons , that
cannot be included in a standard cost - effectiveness framework , for pursuing it .