The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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SUMMARY OF CHAPTERS Chapter One : Protecting the people sets the scene
with a general introduction to the subject of measuring , communicating and
reducing risks to health – people's exposure to them and the role of government
Altogether , the continuing challenges to reduce risks to health thus remain
enormous . However , there is growing national and international recognition of
the risks themselves . During the World Health Assembly in Geneva in May 2002
The two most common meanings will be used in this report – risk as a probability
of an adverse outcome , or a factor that raises this probability . Ring WHY FOCUS
ON RISKS TO HEALTH ? Focusing on risks to health is key to preventing ...
ating a gap in which interest groups may seek either to downplay or to
overestimate some risks . In addition , there is an inherent imbalance in media
information about risks : common , major threats to health are usually not
reported because ...
WHAT STRATEGIES CAN REDUCE RISKS TO HEALTH ? WHO defines the
health system to include all actions whose primary intent is to improve health ( 5 )
and some activities that improve health fall outside this definition . Examples ...