The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Nevertheless , occupational fatality rates reported in industrializing countries are
at least two to five times higher than rates reported in industrialized countries ( 76
) . For this report , the numbers of workers at risk of injury were estimated by ...
Rate trends in developing countries are mostly unknown but the magnitude of the
problem is substantial ( 81 ) . ... High rates of low back pain are reported for
special groups of workers , such as farmers , nurses , heavy equipment operators
Mortality rates 80million children are maltreated each year . Rape and alcohol ,
and multimedia interventions aimed fold higher than the baseline have been and
domestic violence account for 5 % to 16 % of at reducing the social acceptability
the appropriate discount rate to use for costs : the opportunity cost of capital . The
discount rate for benefits is often thought to comprise two parts . One is a “ pure ”
time preference for immediate over postponed consumption . The second ...
To achieve successful and large - scale cessation rates , the introduction of NRT
into a society is probably not sufficient by itself . When deciding to introduce NRT
into a country's tobacco control policy , policy - makers need to ensure that ...