The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Although private for - profit and public health campaigning organizations often
use similar tactics , businesses commonly promote public controversy as a
means of avoiding greater government controls over risks . This strategy can be
By comparison , public health interest groups have the difficult task of trying to
achieve greater consensus in society in order to make government risk control
policies more acceptable . These groups tend to communicate and frame risks by
Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life World Health Organization. 32 . Douglas
M Risk and ... Sociology of Health and Illness 1991 ; 13 : 1 - 19 . 34 . Sommerfeld
J ... American Journal of Public Health 2001 ; 91 : 1749 - 57 . 43 . Bero L . The ...
Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life World Health Organization. 8 . Dowie J .
Towards value - based , science - informed public health policy : conceptual
framework and practical guidelines . Geneva : World Health Organization ; 2001 .
With regard to risks to health , therefore , governments must take a long - term
view and have the vision to tackle major , common and complex risks , even if
they do not have high public appeal . Governments should not respond ...