The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Prevalence of risk - the proportion of the population who are exposed to a
particular risk . For example , the prevalence of smoking might be 25 % in a
particular population . Sources : ( 1 , 2 ) . • Relative risk - the likelihood of an
adverse health ...
Since most blood pressure related deaths or nonfatal events occur in middle age
or the elderly , the loss of life years comprises a smaller proportion of the global
total , but is nonetheless substantial ( 64 . 3 million DALYs , or 4 . 4 % of the total )
The extent of disease burden is consistently Proportion of DALYS attributable to
higher among groups known to have selected risk factor O < 0 . 5 % smoked
longest – for example , attributable mortality is greater in males ( 13 . 3 % ) than ...
Development and administration costs to run the programme are included .
Effectiveness depends on the coverage of the intervention , which is
approximated by the proportion of the population reporting weekly access to any
of the three types ...
0 23 % 23 % 5 % 33 % 45 % Annex Table 6 Summary prevalence of selected risk
factors by subregion , a 2000b , c Risk factor Prevalence criteria LoAFR - D A FR
- ES Alcohol Proportion consuming alcohol 38 % 44 % Blood pressure Mean ...