The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Figure 2.6 Determination of attributable burden , taking account of prevalence
and relative risk Relative riska x 18 Population attributable fraction Disease
burden 0.5 million 1 million 1.5 million 2 million 2.5 million 100 % ANALYSIS 80
% x6 x3 ...
Globally , approximately 21 % of all children suffer from vitamin A deficiency (
defined as low serum retinol concentrations ) , with the highest prevalence of
deficiency , and the largest number affected , in parts of Asia ( 30 % in SEAR - D
and 48 ...
The prevalence of CSA is estimated from retrospective report and is higher than
many find comfortable or plausible . In the review carried out as the basis for this
report , prevalence estimates were available from 39 countries in 12 of the 14 ...
Overall , this proportion was approximately twice the overall prevalence level in
the population . In the United States , on the other hand , the proportion tested
was nearly 45 times the prevalence level , with the probability of being tested ...
AMR - A AMR - B AMR - D 38 % 129 67 % 127 15 % 5.3 1 % 12.5 290 26.9 20 %
10.6 Annex Table 6 Summary prevalence of selected risk factors by subregion ,
2000b.c Risk factor Prevalence criteria AFR - D AFR - E Alcohol Proportion ...