The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Strategies to achieve these potential gains , particularly in developing countries ,
ought to involve a question of balance . It is a balance between the priority of
sharply reducing the burden from exposures such as underweight and poor
Many different counterfactuals are potentially of interest . To enhance
comparability across risk factors , the basis for the results in Chapter 4 is the
theoretical minimum risk distribution , that is exposure levels that would yield the
The methodology involved calculating population attributable risk , or where multi
- level data were available , potential impact fractions . These measures estimate
the proportional reduction in disease burden resulting from a specific change ...
Potential global impact : likely to be among leading causes of disease burden as
a result of high prevalence and / or large increases in risk for major types of death
and disability . • High likelihood of causality . • Potential modifiability . • Neither ...
result the potential for prevention by focusing on causes of disease can be further
refined . Two other groups of risk factors are described below ( see Table 4 . 8 ) .
cila . UNSAFE HEALTH CARE PRACTICES As well as their substantial benefits ...