The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Box 2.4 Population - wide strategies for prevention " It makes little sense to
expect individuals to behave differently from their peers ; it is more appropriate to
seek a general change in behavioural norms and in the circumstances which
Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life World Health Organization. Figure 2.3
The importance of population distributions of exposure Population ( % )
Population ( % ) W A Population ( % ) 75 150 200 2 3 9 15 35 100 125 175
Systolic blood ...
5 SOME STRATEGIES TO REDUCE RISK FROM HEALTH RISKS TO POLICY
arlier chapters have quantified the burden of disease attributable to major risk
factors , and shown the size of the potentially avoidable burden if the population ...
For instance , will preventing small risks in large populations avoid more adverse
health outcomes than avoiding large ... In general , however , it is more effective
to give priority to : • population - based interventions rather than those aimed at ...
Population - wide salt and cholesterol lowering strategies are always very cost -
effective singly and combined . The most attractive combined strategy to reduce
the risks associated with cardiovascular disease appears to be the combination