The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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OTHER DIET - RELATED RISK FACTORS AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY As well
as undernutrition , substantial disease burden is also attributable to risks that are
related to overconsumption of certain foods or food components . This section ...
About 43 % of the disease burden occurred in women and 15 % in EUR - C , 29
% in SEAR - D and 18 % in WPR - B . PHYSICAL INACTIVITY Opportunities for
people to be physically active exist in the four major domains of their day - to -
Contamination of the environment has inBox 4.2 Housing and health The primary
purpose of buildings worldwide cal , physical and biological pollutants and risk
fac- cations , in particular in rapidly urbanizing deis to protect humans from the ...
here , there are complex interactions with other exposures – for example , the lost
opportunity for physical activity and the economic effects of transport and traffic .
Considerations related to road traffic injuries are outlined in Box 4.3 .
The factors leading to low back pain – physical , organizational and social factors
at work , physical and social aspects of life outside the workplace , and physical
and psychological characteristics of the individual – are complex and ...