The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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This has been found to be particularly true when the potential risks and future
consequences are highly uncertain , when there are high levels of public dread
and when future generations could be affected . It is now generally accepted that
They therefore do not in any way support such actions as increased regulation or
greater import - export restrictions . Disputes about the regulation of risks ,
particularly environmental and industrial risks , frequently involve legal Box 3 .
Combining them with an individual risk reduction strategy is also cost - effective ,
particularly with interventions to reduce risk based on assessed levels of
absolute risk . The cost - effectiveness of the absolute risk approach would
Few organizations have enforceable guidelines for disclosing and handling
conflicts of interest , particularly between personal and professional medical roles
and between public organizations , such as ministries of health , and private - for
Substantial public funding is required to undertake relevant research studies ,
particularly in developing countries , and to establish and develop regional
centres of excellence in risk intervention research , training and advice . New
research is ...