The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Estimation of the potential impact of a health hazard can never wait until perfect
data are available , since that is unlikely to occur . Timeliness is essential . This
area can be a source of tension between scientists and policy - makers .
The disease burden occurred about equally among males and females . Since
deaths from undernutrition almost all occur among young children , the loss of
healthy life years is even more substantial : about 138 million DALYS , 9 . 5 % of
This burden predominantly occurs in developing countries , with 42 % of
attributable DALYs occurring in WPR - B and 19 % in SEAR - D . Within
subregions , the highest proportions of total burden occur in WPR - A , WPR - B ,
EUR - B and ...
Most toxic exposures occur at chronic low levels and can result in reductions in
intelligence quotient ( IQ ) ( 59 ) , increased blood pressure , and a range of
behavioural and developmental effects . The range and extent of adverse health
About 46 % this burden occurred in SEAR - D , 23 % in AFR - E and a further 14
% in EMR - D . OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS TO HEALTH Traffic and
transport form another component of environmental hazard in society . Traffic -