The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Overall , cholesterol causes more than 4 million premature deaths a year ,
tobacco causes almost 5 million , and blood pressure causes 7 million . The
report identifies a number of cost - effective interventions to counter some of the
risk factors ...
In other words , the report says , deaths from underweight every year rob the
world's poorest children of an estimated total of 130 million years of healthy life .
In terms of global risk factors , underweight is closely followed by unsafe sex , the
Figure 2.6 Determination of attributable burden , taking account of prevalence
and relative risk Relative riska x 18 Population attributable fraction Disease
burden 0.5 million 1 million 1.5 million 2 million 2.5 million 100 % ANALYSIS 80
% x6 x3 ...
2.7 million ( 4.9 % ) deaths and 26.7 million ( 1.8 % ) DALYs are attributable to
low fruit and vegetable intake . Of the burden attributable to low fruit and
vegetable intake , about 85 % was from cardiovascular diseases and 15 % from
Translated into human terms , this offers the prospect of millions of premature
deaths being averted , and of many more ... It might mean , for example , that in
the year 2010 more than a million deaths from HIV / AIDS and the loss of 40