The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Box 3.2 illustrates male perceptions of sexual health risks and the need to use
preventive measures against HIV infection ... The following is a well - known
example from occupational health , which shows how the choice of risk measure
The percentages considerably less so with married partners . behaviour is
necessary if interventions are to be who reported having taken preventive
measures However , just over half the young men said they more successful in
improving the ...
The tables in this technical annex present updated information on the burden of
disease , summary measures of population health and national health accounts
for WHO Member States and Regions . Population health measures for 2000 ...
DALYs along with healthy life expectancy are summary measures of population
health.13,14 One DALY can be thought of as one lost year of “ healthy ” life and
the burden of disease as a measurement of the gap between the current health of
Summary measures of population health : concepts , ethics , measurement and
applications . Geneva , World Health Organization . Murray CJL , Lopez AD (
2000 ) . Progress and directions in refining the global burden of disease