The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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different levels , which vary over time . ... to health , such as climate change or
socioeconomic disparity , cannot appropriately be defined at the individual level .
... Research into the different levels of risks should be seen as complementary .
ESTIMATING CURRENT RISK FACTOR LEVELS AND CHOOSING
COUNTERFACTUALS Risk factor levels in the population are the first main data
input in estimating potential impact fractions . Extensive searches were required
to estimate ...
Other important lead sources are more difficult to control , such as leaded
kitchenware ceramics , water pipes and house paints . Following control
measures , lead levels have been steadily declining in industrialized countries
but at least 5 ...
An alternative to focusing on cholesterol or blood pressure levels separately is to
evaluate each individual's risk of a cardiovascular event in the next ten years .
Several countries have already begun to implement this approach in practical ...
191 Member States have been divided into five mortality strata on the basis of
their level of child and adult male mortality . The matrix defined by ... This trend
was projected to estimate child mortality levels in 2000 and 2001. In addition ,