The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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These estimates are also less susceptible to the influence of arbitrary choices of
theoretical minima , and are likely to be the most reliable , as the doseresponse is
often least certain at low exposure levels . Figure 2 . 1 Example of distributional ...
RATES OF POVERTY ACROSS THE WORLD Approximately one - fifth of the
world ' s population live on less than US $ 1 per day and nearly a half live on less
than US $ 2 per day . Of the 14 world subregions ( derived by dividing the six
On the other hand , the proportion of infants less than six months old that are not
breastfed at all ranges from 35 % in EUR - C to 2 % in SEAR - D ( again ,
excluding all A subregions ) . In Africa , however , where breastfeeding is nearly ...
The evidence on the costs and effectiveness of these interventions is less certain
, but it is important to consider them because they have the potential to make very
substantial differences in health outcomes . Cost - effectiveness analysis can ...
... is given less weight by smokers than by non - smokers ( 9 ) . People who
discount the future more highly value a given future health risk less highly than
people who discount the future less highly , even if they have the same