The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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... 2000 230 Annex Table 14 Major burden of disease – leading 10 selected risk
factors and leading 10 diseases and injuries , high mortality developing countries
, 2000 232 Annex Table 15 Major burden of disease – leading 10 selected risk ...
11 Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading
selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage
causes of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table 5 . 2 Time gains from ...
In all the high mortality developing regions , underweight , unsafe water ,
sanitation and hygiene , and indoor smoke from solid fuels feature in the leading
six of these selected risks . In addition , unsafe sex is the leading risk in AFR - E
Using the assumptions outlined in Chapter 2 , approximately 47 % of global
mortality can be attributed to the 20 leading risk factors and more than one - third
attributed to the leading 10 risk factors . The likely impact of the 20 leading risks
The 10 leading risk factors in terms of avoidable burden in 2010 and 2020 are
broadly similar to the 10 leading causes of attributable burden in 2000 , although
the ordering changes somewhat , reflecting expectations of demographic and ...