The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 8
3 Cost - effective interventions 134 FIGURES Figure 2 . 1 Example of
distributional transitions for blood pressure and for tobacco smoking Figure 2 . 2
Causal chains of exposure leading to disease Figure 2 . 3 The importance of
For the analysis of the costs and effects of interventions to reduce risk in Chapter
5 , a related counterfactual is used – based on the burden that would exist in the
absence of relevant interventions . Risk factor distributions that are plausible ...
The second step involves assessing what types of intervention are available to
decrease exposure to risks or to minimize ... This chapter evaluates selected
interventions to reduce the impact on population health of some of those risk
This does not imply that other types of interventions are not cost - effective or
should be excluded from consideration . It simply illustrates that addition of
Vitamin A and zinc interventions to the curative care currently provided routinely
in most ...
CHOLESTEROL Interventions Of the possible interventions , two are evaluated
here . Population - wide health education through mass media . Health education
through broadcast and print media is expected to lead to a 2 % reduction across