The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Several factors , often acting together , can cause Vitamin A deficiency : low
dietary intake , malabsorption , and increased excretion associated with common
illnesses . Severe vitamin A deficiency can be identified by the classic eye signs
This section includes estimates of burden of disease attributable to suboptimal
blood pressure , cholesterol and overweight , as well as low fruit and vegetable
intake and physical inactivity ( see Table 4.3 ) . Some summary results are shown
LOW FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE Fruit and vegetables are important
components of a healthy diet . Accumulating evidence suggests that they could
help prevent major diseases such as cardiovascular diseases ( 20 ) and certain ...
LOW FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE Interventions Increasing the consumption
of fruit and vegetables reduces the risks of ischaemic heart disease , stroke , and
colorectal , gastric , lung and oesophageal cancers . A report of a population ...
... haemoglobin level ( g / dl ) 10.6 Low fruit and vegetable intake Average intake
per day ( g ) 350 240 Overweight Body mass index ( kg / m2 ) 21.3 21.8 Physical
inactivity Proportion with no physical activity 12 % 11 % Underweight Proportion