The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Currently 28 million ( 70 % ) of the 40 million people with HIV infection are
concentrated in Africa , but epidemics ... Current estimates suggest that more
than 99 % of the HIV infections prevalent in Africa in 2001 are attributable to
unsafe sex .
infections , such as sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis , will develop
into symptomatic disease . Interrupting transmission of infections , for example
through the use of measles vaccine or bednets in malaria control , is the main
Currently , 28 million ( 70 % ) of the 40 million people with HIV infection are
concentrated in Africa , but epidemics elsewhere in the world are growing rapidly.
... Various sexual practices contribute to the risk of sexually transmitted infections
The corresponding fatal Box 4.4 Sharps injuries among health care workers
Health care workers are at risk of infection with ... In addition to the jects , such as
syringe needles , scalpels and broken More than 90 % of these infections occur
... Trypanosomiasis Chagas disease Schistosomiasis Leishmaniasis Lymphatic
filariasis Onchocerciasis Leprosy Dengue Japanese encephalitis Trachoma
Intestinal nematode infections Ascariasis Trichuriasis Hookworm disease