The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
infections , such as sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis , will develop
into symptomatic disease . Interrupting transmission of infections , for example
through the use of measles vaccine or bednets in malaria control , is the main
Currently , 28 million ( 70 % ) of the 40 million people with HIV infection are
concentrated in Africa , but epidemics elsewhere in the world are growing rapidly
. ... Various sexual practices contribute to the risk of sexually transmitted
4 Sharps injuries among health care workers Health care workers are at risk of
infection with bloodborne pathogens ... The three infections most commonly trans
- mitted to health care workers are hepatitis B virus ( HBV ) , hepatitis C virus ...
... 5 20 19 Infectious and parasitic diseases Tuberculosis STDs excluding HIV
Syphilis Chlamydia Gonorrhoea HIV / AIDS ... filariasis Onchocerciasis Leprosy
Dengue Japanese encephalitis Trachoma Intestinal nematode infections
... nutritional deficiencies 5 691 61 446 20 403 167 749 1064 56 205 2227 32514
11 018 82 977 22 805 Infectious and ... Dengue Japanese encephalitis
Trachoma 81 322 238 364 167 Intestinal nematode infections 219 1063 156 340