The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 7
4 Population - wide strategies for prevention " It makes little sense to expect
individuals to behave differently from their peers ; it is more appropriate to seek a
general change in behavioural norms and in the circumstances which facilitate
... and relatively good information on their costs and effects exists . The
interventions for which it is easier to obtain this type of evidence are often those
that focus on individuals rather than on populations as a whole , and the overall
impact on ...
The latter include strategies to change health behaviours of individuals , often
through personal interaction with a ... is a valuable tool for some diseases
associated with the risk factors described in this report , but individual genes are
between risk perception as an individual and cultural concepts of risk
acceptability by society . For example , although driving without a seat belt may
be deemed so unacceptable by a society that legislation is enacted to enforce it ,
This reflects the observation that the lower the individuals SBP initially , the lower
the typical reduction with treatment . In subsequent sections , combined risk
modification strategies that focus on the individual ' s absolute risk are analyzed .