The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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However , most of the smoking - related disease burden is still found in
industrialized countries . Global alcohol consumption has increased in recent
decades , with most or all of this increase occurring in developing countries ,
according to the ...
The increasing level of tobacco consumption , particularly in Asia , is one clear
example . The report says a substantial increase in government tobacco taxes
would produce significant health benefits at very low cost . Government action , in
These markers provide common benchmarks for assessment , but the risks of
disease in all populations increase progressively from ... BMI increases among
middle - aged and elderly people , who are at greatest risk of health
The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health recently estimated that a 10 %
increase in life expectancy might increase GDP by 0 . 3 % in the poorest
countries of the world ( 1 ) . It is clear that many different combinations of
reductions in ...
Taxation increases the price to the consumer of tobacco products , leading to a
decrease in consumption . At the same time , government tax revenues increase .
Sometimes a portion of revenues from tobacco taxes is allocated to the health ...