The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 8
... Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading
selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage
causes of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table 5 . 2 Time gains from
Substantial agreement on what needs to be done exists between the
international scientific community and those charged with improving public health
. Strategies to achieve these potential gains , particularly in developing countries
, ought to ...
This knowledge is important but it is only the first step required to decide how
best to improve population health with the available resources . The second step
involves assessing what types of intervention are available to decrease exposure
WHO defines the health system to include all actions whose primary intent is to
improve health ( 5 ) and some activities that improve health fall outside this
definition . Examples include reductions in poverty , and improvements in
housing and ...
The informațion nevertheless shows that certain population - wide interventions
that have not yet been widely implemented have the potential to be very cost -
effective ways of improving population health and result in substantial health ...