The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 8
1 Population impact fractions by subregion for counterfactual scenario of
population moving from living on < US $ 2 per day to > US $ 2 per day Table 4 . 2
Selected major risks to health : childhood and maternal undernutrition Table 4 .
STANDARDIZED COMPARISONS AND COMMON OUTCOME MEASURES
Ideally , the impact of each risk factor should be assessed in terms of a “ common
currency ' ' that incorporates loss of quality of life as well as loss of life years .
The methodology involved calculating population attributable risk , or where multi
- level data were available , potential impact fractions . These measures estimate
the proportional reduction in disease burden resulting from a specific change ...
POTENTIAL IMPACT ON RISK FACTOR LEVELS OF SHIFTING POVERTY
DISTRIBUTIONS In addition to estimating the associations of risk factor
prevalence with poverty , population impact fractions of poverty on the risk factors
Many other risks to health accumulate in the indoor environment , and housing
has a key role in determining their development and impact ( see Box 4 . 2 ) .
LEAD EXPOSURE Lead , because of its multiplicity of uses , is present in air ,