The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
As one moves further from the direct , proximal causes of disease there can be a
decrease in causal certainty and consistency ... heart disease . The sequelae
include death and disability , such as angina or hemiplegia . and policy needs .
In recent decades it has become increasingly clear that the risks of stroke ,
ischaemic heart disease , renal failure and other disease are not confined to a
subset of the population with particularly high levels ( hypertension ) , but rather
56 % of global ischaemic heart disease . Overall this amounts to about 4.4 million
deaths ( 7.9 % of total ) and 40.4 million DALYS ( 2.8 % of total ) . Of this total
disease burden , 27 % occurred in SEAR - D , 18 % in EUR - C and 11 % in WPR
... 60 72 72 Childhood and maternal undernutrition Underweight Diarrhoeal
diseases Low birth weight Lower respiratory ... Cerebrovascular disease
Ischaemic heart disease Other cardiovascular disease Cholesterol Ischaemic
heart disease ...
Communicable diseases , see Infectious diseases Communication of risk , see
Risk communication Community action xvii ... solid fuels 69–70 Coronary heart
disease ( CHD , ischaemic heart disease ) alcohol consumption and 66