The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Extensive searches were required to estimate risk factor levels by the 224 age ,
sex and country groups used as the basis for analysis , particularly for data in
economically developing countries . For all risk factors , there was a need to ...
It then draws attention to the need to have a broad perspective on how risks are
defined and perceived in society , both by individuals and by different groups .
Next , emphasis is given to the importance of improving communications about ...
In this more restricted interpretation , risk communication is frequently designed
for a health programme that is to be implemented by an expert regulatory body
and directed at a particular population or target group , and which aims to
This strategy can be costly , as evidenced by the large financial resources that
corporate interest groups commonly allocate to such activities . The tactics of
industrial special interest groups , such as in the asbestos and tobacco industries
By comparison , public health interest groups have the difficult task of trying to
achieve greater consensus in society in order to make government risk control
policies more acceptable . These groups tend to communicate and frame risks by