The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 7
... Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading
selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage
causes of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table 5 . 2 Time gains from
Offering ARVs to people with clinical AIDS gains a substantial health benefit at
the population level although the gain is lower than for the preventive
interventions . The ways in which ARVs can be made widely available in
The gain is estimated to be approximately 30 million DALYs worldwide .
Achieving universal access ... Each unit of additional health gains would cost of
more than three times GDP per capita in some subregions . The intervention
which is ...
In addition , the cost - effectiveness ratios estimated for these interventions are
based on conservative estimates of the health gains . Some possible longer -
term benefits of preventing cases of diarrhoea , such as improved nutritional
8 billion would gain over 140 million DALYs in that region alone . POLICY
IMPLICATIONS Very substantial health gains can be made for relatively modest
expenditures on interventions to reduce risks . However , the maximum possible