The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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The likely impact of the 20 leading risks from the selected factors was estimated
for 2000 in terms of potential gain in healthy life expectancy , as shown in Figure
4 . 12 . Had these risks not existed , then healthy life expectancy in 2000 might ...
The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health recently estimated that a 10 %
increase in life expectancy might increase GDP by 0 . 3 % in the poorest
countries of the world ( 1 ) . It is clear that many different combinations of
reductions in ...
These benefits would be substantially concentrated in sub - Saharan Africa ,
where the improvement in healthy life expectancy would be even greater . The
potential avoidable burden from decreases in the prevalence of unsafe sex are
DALYs along with healthy life expectancy are summary measures of population
health . 13 , 14 One DALY can be thought of as one lost year of “ healthy ” life and
the burden of disease as a measurement of the gap between the current health ...
The percentage of total life expectancy lost is LHE expressed as a percentage of
total LE and represents the proportion of total life expectancy that is lost through
living in health states of less than full health . HALEs for 2000 differ from those ...