The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
For example , if people who smoke for a certain time are , on average , 15 For
example , major risks to child health include malnutrition , unsafe water times
more likely to develop lung cancer than those who do not smoke , and indoor air
For example , this report considers the protective benefits of fruit and vegetable
intake and physical activity by assessing people with low levels of these factors .
The important role of protective factors in adolescent health is outlined in Box 2.2
Some projections were based on observed trends over the past few decades ( for
example , childhood malnutrition ) and others based on models using exposure
determinants and their expected trends ( for example , physical inactivity , indoor
For example , although driving without a seat belt may be deemed so
unacceptable by a society that legislation is enacted to enforce it , individuals
within that society may perceive the risk to themselves as trivial and choose not to
use a seat ...
For example , we assume capacity utilization of 80 % in most settings - for
example , staff and capital equipment are fully occupied for 80 % of the normal
working day - except when estimating the effect of expanding coverage to very