The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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The best health policies are those based on scientific evidence . The World
Health Organization ' s mandate is to get the evidence right and ensure that it is
properly used to make the world a healthier place . This report contains that
Experimental evidence - Experimental evidence , in which some groups differ
only with respect to the risk factor of interest , provides powerful evidence of
causation . But evidence from human experiments is often not available .
The accumulated evidence on lung cancer and environmental tobacco smoke .
BMJ 1997 ; 315 : 980 - 8 . 35 . Jha P . Curbing the epidemic : governments and
the economics of tobacco control . Washington ( DC ) : The World Bank ; 1999 .
1 Different types of evidence on intervention costs and effectiveness have been
considered in the analysis detailed in this chapter . Some interventions have
been widely implemented in many settings , and relatively good information on
STRENGTHENING THE SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE BASE There have been many
scientific advances in risk assessment since the subject was established in the
1960s . However , it started by focusing largely on new technologies and external