The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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These estimates are also less susceptible to the influence of arbitrary choices of
theoretical minima , and are likely to be the most reliable , as the doseresponse is
often least certain at low exposure levels . Figure 2 . 1 Example of distributional ...
If decisions await improved estimates , then not producing best current estimates
( with appropriate indications of uncertainty ) may mean inappropriate inaction .
Alternatively , decisions may be made with other even more uncertain ...
ESTIMATES OF AVOIDABLE BURDEN Current action to target risks to health can
change the future but cannot alter the past . Future disease burden can be
avoided but nothing can be done about attributable burden . For this analysis ...
ESTIMATES OF UNCERTAINTY Confidence intervals for the attributable burden
were estimated by a simulation ... An uncertainty distribution around each
estimate of population attributable fraction was obtained after 500 iterations of the
Also , this report only estimates the prevalence of physical inactivity among
people aged 15 years and over . The global estimate for prevalence of physical
inactivity among adults is 17 % , ranging from 11 % to 24 % across subregions .