The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
The addictive substances assessed quantitatively in this report included tobacco ,
alcohol and illicit drugs ( see Table 4.5 ) . Some summary results are shown in
Figure 4.6 . SMOKING AND ORAL TOBACCO USE Tobacco is cultivated in many
QQ00000 respiratory disease and 22 % for cardio- Figure 4.6 Burden of disease
attributable to tobacco , alcohol and illicit drugs vascular disease . Worldwide , it
is esti( % DALYs in each subregion ) A.Tobacco mated that tobacco causes ...
ILLICIT DRUG USE Illicit drug use includes the non - medical use of a variety of
drugs that are prohibited by international law . The current analysis focuses on
the burden attributable to the injection of amphetamines and opioids , including ...
Because the use of these drugs is illicit and often hidden , it is difficult to estimate
the prevalence of their use and the occurrence of adverse health consequences .
Despite these difficulties , it is apparent that illicit drugs cause considerable ...
The possibility that the use of second - line drugs could delay the onset of drug
resistance has not been incorporated , so ... Where both first - line and second -
line drugs are available , it is assumed that 30 % of patients will require the